Brutalism is an architectural style that comes from the modern movement, and seeks to eliminate the conventions through a design based on functionalism. Its name comes from the words "Beton Brut" (rough concrete) widely used by the Franco-Swiss architect Le Corbusier, precursor of this style, and was eventually coined as "Brutalism" by critic Reyner Banham, to describe the architectural revolution that was taking place in England through its publication in 1966 “The New Brutalism: Ethic or Aesthetic”.
The Brutalist movement had its heyday entity years 1950 and 1970, and is characterized by showing the raw materials, i.e., without added on structural finishes. This One, extols the angular geometry and rough surfaces, reaching a very rustic look in certain works, further, apply the constructive honesty, showing all ancillary facilities such as pipelines, exhaust fans or vents among other.
Worldwide spread rapidly, there are very good examples of this architecture, especially in USA, Japan, England the Brazil.
Although the best known materials of this type of architecture is the concrete, Brutalism also includes materials such as brick, rough stone, the gabion, steel or glass.
While la vision of supporters and adopters architects of this movement is more ethical, the philosophical, the vision established by the population is quite sensitive to it. Aesthetically it is difficult to understand, and even have gotten to describe their inhuman designs, because it shares many ties to the architectures of totalitarianism of the century.
For more information, an explanatory video of this curious architectural movement:
Written by: Miguel Ángel García Ruiz